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AF Chalmers - What is this thing called Science?

Chapter 13 - The new experimentalism

 

 

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Chalmers

Comments

193

Chapter 13 - The new experimentalism

This chapter is a description of empiricism, known for about 300 years, where Chalmers do not use the term observation, but instead “experiment”, which should read like “planned observation”.

193-194

Popper’s, Lakatos’ and Kuhn’s theories failed and Feyerabend gives up the idea of science altogether

 

194

They seek a relatively secure basis for science not in observation but in experiment.

 

194

Experiment does not need to follow after theory.

It is clear that observations do not need to follow after theory. This is contradicting what Chalmers earlier claimed at p.12 and 54. See also p.197-198, 205 and 206.

The term “experiment” makes the phrase harder to interpret, and this is possibly the reason for its presence.

194-197

Examples with Faraday and Hertz are discussed.

 

197-198

Several examples demonstrate that something may be claimed without referring to high-level theory.

 

205

That experiment does not need to follow after theory is repeated

 

206

The new experimentalism has brought philosophy of science down to earth … stands as a useful corrective to some of the excesses of the theory-dominated approach.

I agree to something that has been known during 300 years.

206

Experiment is not so independent of theory as the emphasis of the previous sections of this chapter might suggest.

An experiment may be theory dependent, and is probably more theory dependent than observations that are not strictly planned.

209

Once theoretical considerations are permitted to play a crucial role, a corresponding degree of fallibilism must be admitted.

Chalmers still believes that falsification is a functional test of theories. Sophisticated!

209

Some claim that only experimental laws are to be taken as making testable claims about the way the world is.

This approaches the summary by Newton from 1730 (http://www.vetenskapsteori.se/ENG/m2es_emp.htm).

 
 

 

 

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